Coffee History Part II: Conquering the West
Coffee was introduced to Europe via Italy, to the city of Venice, the result of trade between Europeans and the Muslims in North Africa, Egypt, and the East. Venetian merchants introduced coffee to the wealthy in upper class of the city.
Coffee became available in England by the 16th century through the efforts of the British East India Company and the Dutch East India Company. The 1st coffeehouse in England was opened in Cornhill. The popularity of coffeehouses spread rapidly in Europe. By 1675, there were over 3,000 coffeehouses in England.
In 1669, Soleiman Agha, Ambassador from Sultan Muhammed IV, arrived in Paris with his entourage bringing with him a large quantity of coffee beans. The Ambassador managed to firmly establish the custom of drinking coffee among Parisians. The introduction of coffee to the Americas is attributed to France.